The Big Six® are the six most important challenges for sustainable development in 21st century:

  • climate change
  • freshwater scarcity and pollution
  • deforestation and desertification
  • absolute poverty
  • loss of biodiversity
  • population growth and migration

SD-M® first named these challenges in 2002 on the basis of international standards and expounded on them in the five years after. The Big Six® are protected by copyright.

Institutional investors expect that the integration of the Big Six® in their investing will lead to outperformance in the long term (see page 18 of a study of leading European pension funds that hold € 460 billion in assets). This has now been proven in practice. The SD-M® GmbH draws on these scientific findings for its consulting.

Along with industry-specific SD-KPIs, the Big Six® offer companies the opportunity to concentrate on core challenges of sustainable development.

Sustainable Development Management, 2007 - Definition of the Big Six, pp. 71-85 (English abstract)
Big Six, 2006 - Description on 135 pages (English abstract)
Eco-Invest, 2007 - Big Six as a success factor for funds (German)
Eco-Invest, 2002 - first naming of the Big Six at the WSSD (German)